China`s Commitments Under the Paris Agreement

The Paris Agreement was adopted in December 2015, and it aims to limit global temperature rise to below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels, with a target of 1.5 degrees Celsius. The agreement is significant as it is the first time that almost all countries have pledged to take action to combat climate change.

China is the world`s largest emitter of greenhouse gases, accounting for around a quarter of global emissions. As such, its commitments under the Paris Agreement are crucial in determining the success of the agreement. So, what has China pledged to do?

Carbon Intensity Targets

China has pledged to reduce the carbon intensity of its economy by 60-65% by 2030, compared to 2005 levels. Carbon intensity refers to the amount of carbon dioxide emitted per unit of economic output. This means that China will continue to emit greenhouse gases, but at a lower rate relative to its economic growth. This target is ambitious, as it requires China to reduce its carbon intensity by almost 5% per year over the next decade.

Clean Energy

To achieve its carbon intensity target, China has pledged to increase the share of non-fossil fuels in its primary energy consumption to around 20% by 2030. Non-fossil fuels include renewable energy sources such as wind, solar, and hydro power. To achieve this target, China has invested heavily in renewable energy, and it is now the world`s largest producer of solar and wind power.

Peaking Carbon Emissions

China has also pledged to peak its carbon emissions by 2030, or earlier if possible. This means that China`s total greenhouse gas emissions will stop growing and then start to decline. This is a significant commitment, as it implies that China`s emissions will continue to increase for at least another decade, but they will then start to decline.


In addition to mitigation measures, China has also pledged to enhance its capacity to adapt to the impacts of climate change. China is vulnerable to climate change as it faces issues such as water scarcity, desertification, and sea-level rise. To address these issues, China has developed a range of adaptation measures, including improvements in water management, disaster risk reduction, and ecosystem restoration.


China`s commitments under the Paris Agreement are significant, and they reflect the country`s role as a leading global emitter of greenhouse gases. China`s carbon intensity target, clean energy goals, and commitment to peak emissions are all ambitious, and they require significant investment and effort. However, China has shown a strong commitment to tackling climate change, and it is making progress towards its targets. As such, China`s actions are crucial in determining the success of the Paris Agreement, and they offer hope for a more sustainable future.